Since pronouns are always used with verbs, we have to study pronouns first before we delve into learning Spanish verbs. If you don't know what pronouns are, allow me to explain. Verbs are the action and pronouns are the doers of the action. Let's view some examples.
Identify the pronoun in this phrase
"She dances all the time." "She dances all the time."
("She" is the pronoun, "dances" is the verb.)
Identify the pronoun in this phrase too
"We need you." "We need you."
("We" is the pronoun, "need" is the verb.)
"Con" means "with," but this is how you say "with (someone.)"
Before we get too far into this lesson on verbs, let's make sure we know all of the vocabulary that we went over so far.
Have you noticed that "tomar" and "beber" both mean
Here is the difference.
Click to translate to have a drink
Click to translate to drink a drink
Have you noticed what all of the verbs in this vocabulary list have in common? They all have similar endings. That's because every single verb in Spanish ends with either: "-ar," "-ir," or "-er."
Once you become more familiar with Spanish, you will notice that every verb can be said in a number of different forms depending on what pronoun it is used with. The vocabulary list here shows the root form (or infinitive form) of the verb. Since the root form of a verb is not used with any pronoun, we can think of it as just the basic form of a verb.
In English, the root form of a verb is said by placing "to" in front of the verb.
In Spanish, the root form of a verb always ends in "-r."
"to jump" (saltar)
"to eat" (comer)
"to learn" (aprender)
There are five different verb forms in Spanish. Each form has a different ending depending on what pronoun is used with the verb. In English, it may seem like only one verb form exists, but actually there are two.
"to live" is a verb
"I/we/they live" is one form of this verb
"He/she lives" (with an "s") is another form
"to look" is a verb
"I/we/they look" is one form of this verb
"He/she looks" (with an "s") is another form
If you look at the *Verb Forms Example in Spanish (using hablar), you can see how the ending of the verb changes depending on what pronoun the verb is used with. That is what you need to get used to in Spanish. It is called verb conjugation. Every Spanish verb has different endings based on what pronoun does the action.
One more thing to keep in mind is that the "-ar" verbs are conjugated a little bit differently than the "-ir" and "-er" verbs, but don't get too upset over this because we will soon learn that they are not that much different!
Remember in Lesson 2, when we matched the correct version of the word "the" up to the noun depending on whether it was masculine or feminine? This is really similar to that except this time instead of being concerned about masculine or feminine words, we are only concerned about making the verb ending match up with the pronoun that does the action.
Be sure you conquer all of the vocabulary words associated with this lesson before you continue beyond this point! These words are going to be extremely helpful for when you continue studying the upcoming Spanish lessons.
Last updated: 2017
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