In this lesson we are going to learn how to say someone "likes" something in Spanish. By the end of the lesson, we will know how to say things like: "I like this," "He likes lettuce," or "They don't like pineapples." Also we are going to be learning possessive adjectives. Those are words like: "His," "her," "mine," "ours," etc.
Everyone has something that they "like." When you say what you like in Spanish, you use the verb gustar. Gustar literally means "to please oneself." That is the way you say someone likes something in Spanish. It is okay to think of gustar as a verb that means "to like," just as long as you remember that it literally means "to please oneself." For example, if you were to say "I like bacon," you would literally be saying "bacon pleases me" in Spanish.
When you say you like one thing in Spanish, say "Me gusta."
When you like more than one thing in Spanish, say "Me gustan."
If you want to say someone else likes something, then you say it like this.
To gain a complete understanding of how the verb gustar actually works, lets break each of these phrases apart into pieces.
Me + gusta + el maíz
To me + it pleases + the corn
I like corn
Me + gustan + las uvas
To me + they please + the grapes
I like grapes
*Me + gustas
To me + you please
I like you
Gustar is the version of "like" that actually means "pleases." So when you want to say "like" as in "approximately" or "about," you say como.
We have like five dollars.
Click for the answer Tenemos como cinco dólares.
There are like four eggs remaining.
Click for the answer Hay como cuatro huevos restantes.
You will find a group of possessive adjectives in the following vocabulary list. These are words that show possession or ownership. Remember that these are adjectives, and adjectives always have to match up with the noun that they are used with. So if we are talking about more than one thing, you must make the word plural. Remember we learned how to make words plural in Spanish? Each possessive adjective ends in a vowel, so we would simply add an "s" to the end of the word and it becomes plural. Also, keep in mind that "nuestro" might become "nuestra" when talking about a feminine thing.
If you were to just say: Le gusta— in Spanish, it would not be very specific. You would not know whether that means he likes or she likes. So when you really want to specify who likes something, you place "a" before whoever likes something, and then you say the phrase. Check out these examples:
He likes the book.
Click for the answer "A él le gusta el libro."
She likes the book.
Click for the answer "A ella le gusta el libro."
They like the book.
Click for the answer "A ellos les gusta el libro."
Keep in mind that we have been saying whose it is by using possessive adjectives. But let's imagine that you wanted to say whose it is by saying it straight out? For example, we have been saying things like "her book," but let's try to specify who "her" actually refers to. Let's pretend "her" refers to your mother, then we might want to say: "My mother's book" instead of "her book." (See the example below.)
My mothers book
(The book of my mother)
Click for the answer "El libro de mi madre"
Click for the answer "Su libro"
My friend's car
(The car of my friend)
Click for the answer "El coche de mi amigo"
Click for the answer "Su coche"
Last updated: 2017
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