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Learning "gustar" (to like) and possessive adjectives in Spanish
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Lesson 7: Assignment

Saying "Like" and Showing Possession in Spanish

Spanish Food Vocabulary


Saying Someone "Likes" it in Spanish Using "Gustar"

In this lesson we are going to learn how to say someone "likes" something in Spanish. By the end of the lesson, we will know how to say things like: "I like this," "He likes lettuce," or "They don't like pineapples." Also we are going to be learning possessive adjectives. Those are words like: "His," "her," "mine," "ours," etc.

What Do You Like? Que Te Gusta?

Everyone has something that they "like." When you say what you like in Spanish, you use the verb gustar. Gustar literally means "to please oneself." That is the way you say someone likes something in Spanish. It is okay to think of gustar as a verb that means "to like," just as long as you remember that it literally means "to please oneself." For example, if you were to say "I like bacon," you would literally be saying "bacon pleases me"  in Spanish.

"Me Gusta" vs "Me Gustan"

star icon When you say you like one thing in Spanish, say "Me gusta."

star icon When you like more than one thing in Spanish, say "Me gustan."

"I Like" Phrases Practice

I like grapes
Me gustan las uvas
I like potatoes
Me gustan las papas
I like corn
Me gusta el maíz
I like bacon
Me gusta el tocino
*I like you (bonus phrase)
*Me gustas (you please me)

If you want to say someone else likes something, then you say it like this.

Who Likes it?

I like
Me gusta
You like
Te gusta
He/She likes
Le gusta
We like
Nos gusta
They like
Les gusta

More About Gusta, Gustan, & Gustas

To gain a complete understanding of how the verb gustar actually works, lets break each of these phrases apart into pieces.

Me + gusta + el maíz
To me + it  pleases + the corn
arrow icon I like corn

Me + gustan + las uvas
To me + they  please + the grapes
arrow icon I like grapes

*Me + gustas
To me + you  please
arrow icon I like you

Saying "Like" as in "Approximately"

Gustar  is the version of "like" that actually means "pleases." So when you want to say "like" as in "approximately" or "about," you say como.

For Example:

star icon We have like five dollars.
Click for the answer Tenemos como cinco dólares.

star icon There are like four eggs remaining.
Click for the answer Hay como cuatro huevos restantes.

"Who Likes it?" Practice Phrases

I like onions
Me gustan las cebollas
We like pineapples
Nos gustan las piñas
They like ham
Les gusta el jamón
He likes eggs
Le gustan los huevos
You don't like onions?
¿No te gustan las cebollas?

You will find a group of possessive adjectives in the following vocabulary list. These are words that show possession or ownership. Remember that these are adjectives, and adjectives always have to match up with the noun that they are used with. So if we are talking about more than one thing, you must make the word plural. Remember we learned how to make words plural in Spanish? Each possessive adjective ends in a vowel, so we would simply add an "s" to the end of the word and it becomes plural. Also, keep in mind that "nuestro" might become "nuestra" when talking about a feminine thing.

Possessive Adjectives

my
mi...
your
tu...
his/her/their
su...
our
nuestro...

Possessive Adjective Practice

I like my cars
Me gustan mis coches
Do you like your house?
¿Te gusta tu casa?
I like your things
Me gustan tus cosas
They like his life
Les gusta su vida

Be Specific When You Say Who Likes Something in Spanish

If you were to just say: Le gusta— in Spanish, it would not be very specific. You would not know whether that means he  likes or she  likes. So when you really want to specify who likes something, you place "a" before whoever likes something, and then you say the phrase. Check out these examples:

star icon He likes the book.
Click for the answer "A él le gusta el libro."

star icon She likes the book.
Click for the answer "A ella le gusta el libro."

star icon They like the book.
Click for the answer "A ellos les gusta el libro."

Saying Whose it is Without Using a Possessive Adjective

Keep in mind that we have been saying whose it is by using possessive adjectives. But let's imagine that you wanted to say whose it is by saying it straight out? For example, we have been saying things like "her book," but let's try to specify who "her" actually refers to. Let's pretend "her" refers to your mother, then we might want to say: "My mother's book" instead of "her book." (See the example below.)

star icon My mothers book
(The book of my mother)
Click for the answer "El libro de mi madre"

star icon Her book
Click for the answer "Su libro"

star icon My friend's car
(The car of my friend)
Click for the answer "El coche de mi amigo"

star icon His car
Click for the answer "Su coche"



Review "gustar" & Possessive Adj. »

Last updated: 2017

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